«By the kindness doctor should be on a par with God»

Just two dates have recently mentioned in our university – Eightieth anniversary of  the Department of microbiology, virology and immunology and the Eightieth birthday of the famous scientist, doctor-bacteriologist, Professor of this department — Albina Leonovna Kotova. She remains active, beautiful, intelligent, wise and humble, as her  know hundreds of KazNMU graduates. She describes the department as a castle, where future physicians learn the profession becoming manly and strong. And all her life and professional experience are still needed, and thoughts that she shared in the days of the anniversary celebrations, were full of love for Microbiology and students, concern for science and medicine, and the belief that the medical profession would always be the most desired!

Two dates — one destiny

Chair with impeccable reputation — so called Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology at the University. Perhaps this characteristic applies to Albina Leonovna Kotova, who headed this department 16 years and, in general, served 56 years as a doctor, a scholar and teacher.

Professor still provide lectures at the home university and do everything possible to improve the quality of the training of future physicians.

— Albina Leonovna belongs to the cohort of wonderful teachers that entered the golden fund of the university, — says the rector of S. KazNMU named after Asfendiyarov , professor Aikan Akane.

— We are proud of the fact that she left the whole scientific school of microbiology.

Aikan Akanovich recognizes that when he first headed the university four years ago, he was as a student, who used to write proposals, hopes and aspirations in meetings with old professors and teachers. Then Albina Leonovna talked about the history of the university, about people who worked here, about the need for continuity. She offered to introduce mentoring, because  replacement to young teachers is very difficult, there are difficulties with practical training in hospitals. Albina Leonovna talked about the hierarchy and discipline in the best sense of the word, that prestige of profession has been losing, Departments have been weakening , the load on teachers has increased by almost three times. And now we can say that some of these issues have already been resolved — said the rector.

— Wisdom, experience of Albina Leonidovna were very helpful. The University is changing, we are raising names of our oldest scientists and teachers.


Great respect and deep sympathy to the Albina Leonovna were felt on the scientific and practical conference dedicated to two anniversaries. Warm, sincere, retro documentary film about her was called «We were so young.» Its character is a blonde beautiful woman, and the photos coming one after the othershowed all the milestones of her way. In 1956 she graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Kazakh State Medical University and received her medical degree. She worked as a teacher of microbiology at the medical school in Petropavlovsk  from 1956 to 1959. In 1962 she graduated from the graduate school at the Department of Microbiology of ASMI (Alma-Ata) and successfully defended her thesis «Characterization of diphtheria cultures isolated from patients and Bacillicarriers in Alma-Ata (1960-1962).» And over the next 16 years, from 1964 po1980 years, she was the organizer and director of the microbiology laboratory in CSRL ASMI, displaying their talents. Central Research Laboratory has a scientific and practical center for the whole country, where confirmed the complex diagnoses, made important researches on the most pressing issues.Albina Leonovna defended the doctoral dissertation  in IEM named after Gamaleya in Moscow on topic «The value of the biological characteristics and status of the intestinal microbial coenosis salmonellosis» in 1983.  Then she headed the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology ASMI, where she is today from 1986 to 2001.


Department is a castle!


Albina Leonovna considers such a succinct formula is the most accurate for the understanding of its place in the training of future physicians. She is confident that department is the mother of subject, figuratively speaking, a castle that holds education and teachers working here — it’s not just a team but a family.

— Educational functions of the Department can replace no one institutional structure — says Albina Leonovna. — It can not grow old as well as not good old books. I gave one of them to Bakhyt Ramazanova, my student, who became the head of our department. That was a German textbook of Microbiology, 1902. Each department should have its own history, iconic personality, some sayings, maybe even legends …

Tens and hundreds of her lectures were devoted not only to a favorite subject – Microbiology, but also to lecturing skills, to the training of teachers in the departments of medical schools. She believes that students are those, who defended dissertation research with her — seven doctoral and 47 candidates.

She prouds of Aliya Tabaeva from Karaganda, who explored rare types of Salmonella; Bakhyt Ramazanova, the Head od Department; Anara Rakisheva, the Head of Department of Phthisiatry, who held a very good research on hospital aspects of tuberculosis. Especially Professor appreciates independence in their students, the activity, the pursuit of scientific research.

Bakhit Ramazanov, calling her speech at the conference  as «The letter to teacher,» sincerely confessed great respect and gratitude to Albina Leonidovna for everything that she teaches all her students.

— Leading the Department, you brought up in people respect for others, to the team, in which they work — said Bakhyt Amanullovna. — And showed themselves example of scientific diligence. Your monograph is a bestseller!

Professor Zhanar Mustafina called her “a woman of peace and a charming”.

She believes that the highest award is her followers. Academician Alshynbay Rakishev recalled how Albina Leonovna from scratch created Department of Microbiology in Tselinograd medical school with colleagues. And now her photos can be seen in the museum of the Medical Academy in Astana.


Experiment – soul of microbiology

It seems, it is so much in the world of different sciences and professions why she chose microbiology? It seems, romantics in this profession special aren’t present (however, certainly, it seems so only to the people far from this science). On my question Albina Leonovnadayet some answers.

— Many representatives of the senior generation of our family were physicians. The mother’s sister graduated from the Minsk medical institute, came from the front the lieutenant colonel, served in a front line parts, in a field hospital. The sister of my grandmother ended obstetric courses in Revel. Two father’s brothers graduated from academy of military medicine in Leningrad, both were lost in war, — the professor remembers. — And I at all didn’t imagine other specialty. It was interesting to me.

She is sure that the good doctor is a calling, and it is often formed in a family, since childhood.

— Students from medical families, as a rule, study better, are more motivated. In such families even conversations by evenings at a table – about what difficult patient as there took place consultation. And it cultivates compassion to patients, — Albina Leonovna is convinced. — Someone will disagree with me, will tell: it is impossible to feel pity for all. But without it there is no profession, you deal from people suffering, and the more you will give, the you will receive more. Always I speak to students: by kindness the doctor has to be on an equal basis with God.

— On the second year there was a microbiology, — Albina Leonovna remembers, — it мнеочень was pleasant. In it considerable merit of our teachers. For example, Aemilia Ivanovichashtikelya. The banished German, he worked as the paramedic in the Kapal-Arasansky area under the city of Taldy-Korgan. It was in love with microbiology and to us transferred the enthusiasm. Before us there were images of great microbiologists — Pasteur, Koch, the Dutch businessman Livenguk working with lenses. At them it is possible to study persistence of work, влюбленностив the business, to innovation.

Yes, it continues, maybe, in this specialty and there is no something romantic. But interesting and fascinating is that the soul of microbiology is an experiment which something always follows new, any opening.

— Those years children often had diphtheria. We conducted researches, studying of microbes causing diphtheria. Salmonellosis, other enteric infections were badly studied also. We appeared at the advanced boundary on salmonellosis identification in 1965-1967 when there were outbreaks of intrahospital infections. For interpretation of intrahospital salmonellosis left in maternity hospitals, there found an obsemennost of all subjects, the carriage of salmonellas was among doctors and obstetricians. In the monograph I described this case. In the Union created the commission on salmonellosis, conferences in Moscow, Leningrad were held. We left to Karaganda, Balkhash, Chimkent. It was good practice, and many practices were made. Began to cooperate with veterinary services, after all salmonellosis — an anthropological infection.


On this science it is impossible to save

In a profession of the microbiologist meticulousness and accuracy of researches is very important, it is necessary to prove result, differently it isn’t worth a pin for the preliminary diagnosis. That is why now sharply there is a question of knowledge of microscopic, serologichesky, immunological and genetic methods, Albina Leonovna reminds. And now even it became more difficult: it is necessary in a new way immunity of the patient, after all because of use of antibiotics, hormones, violations of ecology there is a global decrease in immunity at people. Not without reason there was AIDS when there is a sharp falling of immunity. It is necessary to have good knowledge of methods of research, to be able to analyze, know the main nutrient mediums on which it is possible to grow up microbes, to own information on serums.

— Everything begins and comes to an end with a material capture, — Albina Leonovna is convinced. — Now there was a good laboratory equipment, but isn’t present sometimes at experts of good knowledge. Preparation of laboratory experts, unfortunately, the weak. Intra laboratory control about which now, alas, forgot partially is surely necessary. And it is very good that at the initiative of rector Aykanaakanovichaakanov at university organized scientific research institute of a name of Baha Atchabarov where are combined both scientific researches and practice and where strong laboratory base.

On microbiology it is impossible to save, the professor considers, after all without it it is impossible to make the exact diagnosis and to appoint effective treatment as many infections are very similar at each other. Also it is most of all necessary to put in training.

… A few years ago she wrote article in which compared students of our time and present. Now students are more formed generally, know foreign languages, but they don’t have enough practice, savoir vivre, it considers. And in its young years students were more adult, someone was at war, someone already worked in hospitals. But as a whole – both those, and others something are similar, after all they chose such humane mission.

—  I love students when I go on a university yard and I see them, the mood increases, — Albina Leonovna admits.

And in it it everything, with her enthusiasm for the work, desire to give knowledge young and with her belief that the doctor – the best profession on Earth.