Toregeldi Sharmanov is going to be 80 years, the person who does not require to be introduced. He prefers to refuse epithets and mentions of numerous regalia, that he has a great variety, on envy to any academician and the politician. In the Kazakh society people give the special meaningful names to the one who truly deserves. For Kazakhstaneze the name became as Toke for Toregeldi Sharmanov as a sincere sign of national respect and love.
The well-known historian-publicist and the statesman has written about him an essay and named him «Azamat». Perhaps, it characterizes Toke in the best way — the bright professional, the responsible citizen and the true patriot. He always publicly expressed and continues to express not ordinary civic stand not only on topical questions of healthcare, but also concerning to ethics of human relationships, social development and political priorities.
From the biography of Toke, perhaps, the most known are 12 years on a post of Minister of Health which deservedly named “the Golden Age of domestic medicine”. It were the years when charismatic, convinced, strong-willed and creative leader Sharmanov’s talent in all varieties has revealed. Then he created unique infrastructure and personnel potential of healthcare which in the subsequent have sustained disorder of the Union and acts of reformers. These achievements have obtained the international recognition during historical conference on the primary medician sanitary help which passed in 1978 in Alma-Ata with participation of Ministers of Health from 140 countries of the world. Conference has accepted to the Alma-Ata declaration which today is named “the Bible of the world healthcare”. 25 years later, for these merits Toregeldi Sharmanov have been awarded the maximum award of the Worldwide Organization of Healthcare – medals of Leon Bernard with which for all history in the world only 42 figures of healthcare were awarded.
However such glory and success have not passed simply. A thorny and multistressful way through which Toke has passed was the cost of it, having overcome personal tragedy, humiliations, long exile and deprivations. Possibly, the reason of that was an unordinary character the Toke. His deep intelligence, cleanliness, decency and mercifulness wonderfully mesh with the most severe self-discipline, insistence, intolerance to humiliations of a personal worth and injustice, as well as disobedience to autocracy.
Toregeldi Sharmanov took place not only as state and the public figure, but also as the bright scientist. His openings in the field of a science about food and today continue to keep an urgency. In due time, Toregeldi Sharmanov was the first in the Central Asia has been selected by the academician of allied academy of medical sciences. Headed by him within 35 years the scientific personnel of the Kazakh academy of a food became a national brand, obtained of the international recognition of such authoritative organizations, as UNICEF, the Program of progress of the United Nations and many other things.
Today the Kazakh academy of a food directs significant efforts on struggle against an anemia, iodic insufficiency and other illnesses of women and children. For realization of this noble mission Toregeldi Sharmanov has created a unique coalition from the international organizations, members of parliament, politicians, authoritative scientists and sportsmen.
On creation of Toregeldi Sharmanov’s unique children’s products has grown not only one kazakhstaneze generation. Today, these inventions have received a new technological embodiment in the form of constructed by them together with foreign investors of a modern factory on release of products of a baby formula.
Certainly, Toke is not deprived with human weaknesses, but they have the certain shade of charm. As the representative of one large international organization recently noted “ … I believe that the patriarch of the world healthcare Sharmanov does well, only when he will start to flirt with me ”.
Aksakals listen to himself. Politicians considere with him. He is always in the center of attention of journalists. Colleagues idolize him. The youth concerns to him with desire. He is adored by relatives. As Toke admits himself, the God favoured him with excellent health: on state of health and biological age he compares with himself to the forty-year old man. What else it is possible to wish for aksakal.
The patriarch of the world healthcare is not going to rest on the patriarchal laurels. In his 80 years Toregeldi Sharmanov — a person of action, an active vital position, creation and mercyfulness. Do not get tired to love and enjoy a life Toke.
Biography of Toregeldi Sharmanov
Sharmanov Toregeldi — the doctor of medical sciences, the professor, the academician of the Russian academy of medical sciences and National Academy of sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK), the president of the Kazakh Academy of Nutrition and Academy of preventive medicine, a member of experts committee of ВОЗ on a food, the laureate of State Premium of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Honored worker of the RK, the Laureate of the independent premium “Platinum Tarlan” in a nomination «Science». In 2005 he received the maximum award of the ВОЗ — a medal of Leon Bernard for a protruding contribution to world healthcare.
Sharmanov Toregeldi was born on October 19, 1930 in Ulytau village of Karaganda area. After the termination in 1955 of the Karaganda state medical college with distinction and postgraduate studies (1958-1962) he worked as a head physician of Ulytau central regional hospital of Karaganda area. From 1962 to 1968 managed a department of a food in scientific research institute of a regional pathology of Ministry of Health KazSSR. From 1968 to 1971 year — the rector of the Aktyubinsk state medical college and at the same time headed faculty of pharmacology.
Per 1971-1982 — Minister of Health of Kazakh SSR.
Since 1973 – until present time T.S.Sharmanov is the founder and the President of the Kazakh academy of a food. The academy is the center of the complex researches covering the broad audience of problems of hygiene, biochemistry, immunology and physiology of a food, as well as diet prevention and diet therapy in Republics of the Central Asia.
T.S.Sharmanov is the founder of Nutrition school in Kazakhstan. He is the head of the international scientific and technical projects on liquidation of the ferror deficit anemias, iodine deficite conditions, support of chest feeding, the medician — demographic researches which are carried out by cooperation with international organizations and as the UNICEF, the CART, UNDP, USAID, «Macro International Inc.» etc.
Per 1985-1988 was the chief-editor of All-Union magazine «Questions of a food » and manager of a faculty of a food of the Central College of improvement of doctors in Moscow, from may 1995 year — the founder and the president of Academy of preventive medicine of Kazakhstan.
Since 1997 is the chief – editor of the magazine «Health and illness «.
Under his management the Center of a baby formula is organized not having analogues in territory of the CIS, essentially new products of a baby formula, a number remedial-preventive food stuffs are introduced in practice of healthcare.
Under T.S.Sharmanov’s initiative and owing to his efforts, in 1979 the College of a food became the first-ever Cooperating CART center on a food, and from 1997 year — and the Cooperating center of University of the United Nations. Under his management 36 doctor’s and 170 candidate dissertations are protected. T.S.Sharmanov is the author about 350 publications, including 25 monographies and 37 inventions. He was three times selected in Parliament RK.
The son Almaz, the doctor of medical sciences — the citizen of the USA, the diplomat, the head of mission USAID across Kazakhstan, the expert on the international healthcare and the professor of John Hopkins University (USA), Vice-president of Nazarbaev university; the daughter — in-law — the doctor-gynecologist. He is the grandfather of three grandsons: Alua, has finished Maryland university (USA), married, lives in the USA, Torekhan — 19 years, Askar-17 years; and great-grandson Connor, 2006 year of birth.
Toregeldy Scharmanov: Only healthy individuals can build a healthy economy
Date: 16/12/2011 Views: 482
Twenty years of development path health care in independent Kazakhstan was uneasy: the new independent state, and with it the medical sector is undergoing a period of formation through the economic downturn, severing ties with the other republics and subsequent recovery and development. But the milestones of the path of reform, mistakes and successes — it is an occasion to develop further, reach new heights, not content reached. So considers patriarch of Kazakh Medicine, president of the Kazakh Academy of Nutrition and the Academy of Preventive Medicine, authoritative doctor, academic, awarded the highest award of the WHO — Leon Bernard medal for his outstanding contribution to world health, Toregeldy Sharmanovich Sharmanov.
— Toregeldy Sharmanovich how you estimate the development of the health care system in our country over the past 20 years?
— The state of medicine, of course, depends on what kind of attention to her state. From the beginning, independence of Kazakhstan and all subsequent years, President Nursultan Nazarbayev held a consistent policy to improve the health of the nation. This is yielding positive results. Last year, funding for health care for the first time was 3.2% of GDP. The country has improved the material and technical base of medical and sanitary-epidemiological institutions, research centers and institutes of higher education.
A significant increase in appropriations industry allowed to improve heath indicators. The country has a positive dynamic medical and demographic situation, reducing morbidity and mortality from social diseases, maternal and infant mortality. Thus, in the last five years, the total mortality decreased by 13.5%, while life expectancy at birth increased by 3.3%, maternal mortality decreased by 9.1%, and the infant mortality rate to the new WHO criteria for live births decreased by 20.3 %, maternal mortality rate — 9.1%. Between 2003 and 2010, the maternal mortality rate per 100,000 live births decreased from 42.1 to 22.3, or 47%, over the last ten years of 18.4% decreased mortality from cardiovascular diseases, 14.9% — from tumors, 25.6% — from injury and poisoning, by 33.5% — from respiratory diseases. Just one last year in the whole country mortality from diabetes decreased by 24.7%.
In this case, I would like to note the great and consistent performance of manuals Karaganda and South Kazakhstan, Mangistau and East Kazakhstan regions to improve the management and improvement of the material-technical base of health care, the introduction of the most modern diagnostic and treatment technologies, training personnel potential industry, increase motivation end results of health workers.
For me, as a specialist in the field of public health and nutrition, the crucial question for Kazakhstan are of particular importance and encouraging. With the development of health, namely primary health care in Kazakhstan are connected deep philosophy and fundamental traditions.
— Of course, you’re referring to is important for health of the planet Alma-Ata Conference of the World Health Organization?
— Of course! Conference, held in 1978 under the motto «Health for All by the Year 2000», has become for many a revolution in thinking. Ideas and philosophical principles of the Alma-Ata Declaration stored for the past 30 years and, unlike many other outstanding events are not left in the annals of history as well, turning the direction of global health, continue to steadily move. Its recommendations on the rights to health as the main value of life became the basis for health care systems of many countries.
Unfortunately, in recent decades, the world was full of drama, and Principles of Alma-Ata, WHO due to the unfavorable economic climate has undergone some revision and change. Yet now, WHO Director-General Dr. Margaret Chan calls for a return to the values and principles of primary health care. On the experience gained over decades, the General Director, PHC is the best way to achieve lasting results in health and guarantee equity of access to health care. And this is especially true today, when the world is once again engulfed in an economic crisis.
I am glad that we, despite the heavy 90’s, when the primary care suffered when reduced midwife items, yet maintain that system, and it continues to evolve and improve in the new Unified National Health System.
— To UNHS we shall return, but now I want to remind you that it is through you, then the Minister of Health of the Kazakh SSR, the historic WHO conference in Alma-Ata, although there were other contenders republic. By the way, the time is called the «golden age of the Kazakhstan health care.»
— Yes, I am a human being happy that Alma-Ata Conference in 1978, held in conjunction with the former Director General of the WHO H. Mahler, glorified my favorite city on the planet. And take special pride in that very ideology declaration found fertile ground in the homeland of the conference. Thanks to social-oriented policies of the President of the country Nursultan Nazarbayev created a real opportunity to accelerate health care reform, the use of all resources, prevention and health promotion in Kazakhstan.
According to the Declaration of Alma-Ata, PHC performs an integral function of the entire national health care system as a whole, representing the core of the health system in general, and an integral part of the global and social development of human society. Health is now seen not only as a moral imperative and a fundamental human right and as a key factor of the economy, because only healthy people can build a healthy economy.
The era of precision medicine
— Toregeldy Sharmanovich, how do you assess the prospects of medicine, and that should be a modern health care?
— Now it’s time to exact medicine. For it is not only important to people today was healthy, and that he was in good health tomorrow. Thanks to gene research doctors can know what diseases can be affected or that person. They can give recommendations for the prevention, treatment, nutrition in each case. I’m not talking about what features make diagnostic equipment, new surgical non-invasive methods.
— What other breakthrough technologies could improve people’s health?
— One of the necessary technology, of course, must be regarded as telemedicine. For Kazakhstan it is extremely important, especially for villagers living in remote areas. The vast territory of the country, low population density and remote health infrastructure, particularly in rural areas, require innovative approaches to providing access to quality health care. World practice shows that telemedicine, in which physicians are involved in the rescue of modern information and communication technologies, of course, is a progressive step in the development of health care.
Kazakhstan has established 150 telemedicine centers. I can’t recall that the concept of telemedicine in Kazakhstan was first developed and introduced in 2003 by the Academy of Preventive Medicine, Kazakhstan.
Relevance of telecommunications technologies now increased to an even greater extent, given the development of telecommunication network, as well as recent initiatives to introduce digital television and new technologies for high-speed cellular communications. And then it is very important targeted training and motivation of physicians — telemedicine users, so that they fully applying the possibilities of this unique system. Necessary to form a single network of telemedicine to provide rural physicians to professional, not only with regional hospitals, but with Republican and between regions. Telecommunications opportunities in Kazakhstan quite allow the provision of such relationships.
Finally, it is important to expand the capabilities of telemedicine module and not just X-ray and ultrasound equipment and expanding their involvement by other standard methods, widely used in the primary health care level. Unfortunately, today’s performers of this priority project is no clear understanding of huge technological capabilities of telemedicine, which is why its potential is underutilized. Meanwhile, further development of telemedicine will actually closer to specialized medical care to patients, to improve primary health care, make it accessible to the general public.
— Let’s go back to primary care. What, in your opinion, the role of the implementation of the Unified National Health System in improving the quality of primary health care?
— A wonderful idea, especially the principle of free choice of doctor and hospital, but first gear was not quite worked out, which could lead to corruption and poor quality of service. Now the Ministry of Health and local authorities worked UNHS, the situation had improved and in this, the second year of implementation of the system already has positive results.
Of course, improving the system requires hospitalization. Although the queue for hospitalization typical of other countries with different models of health care, the reduction of planned hospitalization and avoiding malpractice hospitalization unfounded and «emergency» cases are still relevant in our health.
One of the tasks of UNHS is a competitive environment, which is designed to increase the competitiveness of health care organizations through the management of assets and financial resources. This target would require autonomy and financial independence of the medical organizations, non-line-item funding system and the introduction of differentiated pay. The key is redefining the role of the leaders of health care organizations, which are required by the knowledge and skills in financial management and entrepreneurship.
— What are you happy lately, what plans could be implemented?
— Balm to the soul of the adoption of the Code of Health, which has articles about nutrition. And it is not just words or some distant intentions. President instructed the concrete measures to implement healthy nutrition policy, in particular, in each region, will be the focus of a healthy diet. This is particularly true for food fortification with vitamins and trace elements.
The path to this was difficult, thorny, long-term. It’s a shame that in this regard we have initiated the first, went ahead, and then it turned out that in many countries, including in the CIS countries, such decisions are already made. But at last, and we have an article on mandatory fortification of wheat flour in the higher classes are included in the Basic Law on Health Care — Health Code. Without adoption of a legislative framework to succeed in the fortification of flour would not have no country.
— Surely this contributed to your personal meeting with President Nursultan Nazarbayev in 2008?
— Yes, in May of that year, Nursultan Nazarbayev received me, we had a long talk, and then he gave the order to the Government: «To develop a long-term state policy in the field of healthy food fortification and micronutrient fortification for the period up to 2020.» The logical consequence of this was that in the adoption of the Code of RK «On the state of health and the health care system» was first given a legal and regulatory framework, the term «healthy food», including the status and objectives of this specialized service.
As you can see, it’s long-term plans and projects that will be consistently implemented in practice. And we are opening a baby food plant near Almaty example and hope that such production will appear in all the regions of our country.
— Toregeldy Sharmanovich why it is so important with the legislation, what problems will be solved in applying them?
— The challenges are many, and by no means be the concept of «healthy eating» take extremely simplistic and replace the primitive idea of tasty and nourishing food, as it often happens with us. The role of nutrition in health is central to the new strategy of the World Health Organization declared in 2002. According to this respected organization, more than half the world’s population — 3.85 billion — are suffering from iron deficiency anemia. This violation is more expensive than any other disease.
In Central Asia, one-third of women of reproductive age — more than 30%! — And two thirds of children early age are anemic. Where as in Europe and in the U.S. the figure is only 7 to 12%. On the severity of the anemia is more significant and dangerous, even in comparison with mortality and disability from war. Iron deficiency in pregnant women affects the degree of development of the fetal brain. And in the end, as anemia is common in children, it can have a significant impact on the intellectual and economic potential. For example, the lack of just one vitamin — folic acid — in the diet of women of childbearing age gives rise to the development of cardiovascular disease, even in the womb.
World experience fortification suggests that the products of mass and daily consumption must be enriched not only for nutrients taken separately, and a complex of vitamins and minerals, and, of course, just those that are lacking in the diet of the population of a specific region or a specific population.
None of the previous health ministry did not heed my suggestions to solve the problems of quality and food safety. It was only after a meeting with the Head of State when he ordered the creation of a state long-term program of healthy eating, including fortification, the situation changed dramatically. Code was adopted on health, in which nearly two dozen articles related to nutrition. I think this is a life-changing event.
With the adoption of the code is implementation of a complex national programs for monitoring the health of children, adolescents and women of reproductive age. In terms of nutritional deficits and they are the most vulnerable and require the national population and individual levels of system, multi-dimensional and multi-level preventive and curative measures to streamline supply.
— And what are the specific steps to implement these plans?
— This work has already begun. For the first time in the form of public-private partnership in the Republic under the auspices of the Kazakh Academy of Nutrition, successfully has been implementing the project «School Milk» applying milk, enriched with essential vitamins, trace elements and minerals, in the schools.
There has been recently launched the first modern dairy plant «high-tech» baby foods in Almaty region is the plant of Kazakh Academy of Nutrition, «Amiran», the commissioning of which is in a special teleconference was reported to the President of the Republic. It is encouraging that, given the extraordinary social significance will «replicate» of such enterprises in other regions of Kazakhstan.
For the first time in history the national health care system in the State Program for Development of Health «Salamatty Kazakhstan» for 2011-2015 the primary role assigned to preventive actions, the main of which is the nutrition factor. Thus, one of the main goals is to «provide a healthy diet and prevention of diseases that are dependent on food.» To implement these tasks covers such activities as the skills of healthy eating and food safety, appropriating communication and educational activities, improving school food and the organization of production in the food sector child and health-care food.
In addition, the Ministry of Health and the Kazakh Academy of Nutrition in the framework of the state program developed additional branch program such as «Healthy Food for the citizens of Republic of Kazakhstan.» Its main objective is improving health and increasing mental and physical capacity of the population by the establishment of a comprehensive, permanent and sustainable system of a healthy diet, prevention of diet-related non-infectious diseases and food poisoning.
The fact is that most of the deaths and disease burden associated with such social diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (46.4% of all deaths), cancer (12.6%), respiratory diseases (5.4%), osteoporosis, diabetes, and others, the growth of that due to feeding disorders.
According to the World Health Organization, 60% of all causes of death associated with various eating disorders, and 75% of environmental hazards, including carcinogens, ingested with food and drinking water. Briefly, virtually all medical and demographic characteristics, the prevalence of non-infectious diseases, resistance to adverse environmental factors, social and economic status of the state, its national safety is mainly determined by the nutritional status of the population.
— Toregeldy Sharmanovich recently they were spoken of the devaluation of the medical profession, the low level of training of medical personnels …
— The medical profession has always been the most respected, authoritative. But social cataclysms of the 90s could not affect the position and status of physicians. After the collapse there were dangling relations, default, all centralized deliveries stopped, people found themselves faced with a crisis, and health care was its epicenter. As you remember, before the collapse of the old school was high life expectancy, low morbidity, but after stress, social upheavals caused an increase in disease, such as tuberculosis and etc.
With the improvement of the economic situation in the health transfer went, was fully restored primary service, opening FAPs. The country has to be able to pay attention to the improvement of medical education.
Education and research in the Nazarbayev University aimed at precisely that. University academic health system is designed to develop new ideas and approaches to the world experience for their practical implementation at all levels of health care. In order to meet the challenges integration of medical science, education and practice the university includes the Center of Life Sciences, medical school and clinics of the National Medical Holding.
Holding clinics — «Hospitals of the Future» — are the basis for the clinical training of students to create a school of medicine, and its scientific base will become a center of life sciences. Now the National Medical Holding consists of six modern hospitals, which created the conditions for a full cycle of high-tech services in the field of neurosurgery, cardiac surgery, radiation diagnostics, pediatrics, minimally invasive surgery, rehabilitation, and other areas. Principles of corporate hospital management, which have been introduced in the clinics of the National Medical Holding, of course, is a progressive step in the hospital’s management not only for Kazakhstan but also for all post-Soviet countries.
As a result of changes and a lot of effort over the years and changed as in appearance and for content of teaching and research work of our flagship the S.D.Asfendiyarov KazNMU. Thanks to the talented management, domestic resource mobilization created a base for the practical skills of teachers and students, there was an internal motivation for the preparation of highly qualified doctors. Positive changes are noticeable in the Semipalatinsk Medical Academy.
— The President pays special attention at Medical Education, and a few years ago he criticized the South-Kazakhstan Institute of Medicine.
— Yes, and the criticism was deserved and putting into action. I can share my impressions: I was recently in this high school, and could not see any significant findings were made the university’s stuff. Educational institution transformed and qualitatively improved. There are, as we know, the high concentration of people in the southern region, people, living there, has high illness related features of the region. And of course, there needs its own system of training doctors. The University is apparently ready to re-teach students to the therapeutic work.
— Toregeldy Sharmanovich, a lot of questions, doubts arise in way with the liquidation of the pediatric department in KazNMU. What do you think about this?
— No elimination happened. There is a department of general medicine, and training of pediatricians has not lost anything, but rather to win. The number of hours of Pediatrics even significantly increased, and from the first course are provided qualified pediatric orientation. I think that those who worries about the alleged elimination of Pediatrics, is misunderstanding the features of the Bologna process, joined by our country. Health care has turned towards the preparation of general practitioners with the knowledge of pediatrics, medical treatment for adults, obstetrics-gynecology, and thus the total number of doctors with knowledge of pediatrics, on the contrary, increased. Therefore, due to the transition to the Bologna Declaration training pediatricians improved and the Health care Service won.
Only with this approach we can provide an effective primary health care, development institution of family physicians that are the main priority presently health care, taking the people real and effective medical care in pediatrics.
Let us not forget that often the pediatric faculty were applicants with low scores, which further affected by the level of training of doctors. I am confident that our accession to the Bologna Convention will improve the quality training of doctors, making them more modern, with a broad knowledge and providing three languages (there is no way without English!).
To the point, it should be emphasized that the countries that did not adopt the Bologna Convention, are indicators of mortality and morbidity rates are much higher than those who are building and training in its principles.
— How do you describe and evaluate the work of the current leadership of the Ministry of Health?
— At the beginning of the introduction of the Unified National Health System (UNHS) in the activities of the Ministry of Health has made mistakes and technical errors in the most significant strategic approach, which in the long term could lead to a sad and irreparable consequences. Special discontent arose when implementing UNHS in the following areas: organization of hospital care, a system of payment for medical services, construction, hospitals, child vaccination. These facts may be an obstacle in the development of primary health care in our country.
Such severe conditions of existence of inherited change of leadership of the MOH. In the first place there is a need, and the paramount importance of highly skilled managerial qualities. Thanks to the hard work on the mistakes and omissions in the work of the previous management fix failures in the health system as a whole, therefore, to return to the rails and implementing UNHS. National health care, breathing fresh air, in full operation, while continuing to perform his duty to the citizens of the country, while maintaining and enhancing the most valuable thing a man can have — his health.
— How can we be proud of in the medical industry today, what are the main achievements?
— Much has been done in the country for the introduction of modern technologies in medicine, including surgery, cardiology and other areas. We have a good amount of state-guaranteed health care, develops and private medicine. Visit many countries, and come to our scientists, health professionals, and often I talk to express their admiration for the tolerant atmosphere in the country, advances in access to and quality of care. But I think that we should not stop, calm down, we can not assume that we have reached heights. We are in the path of the movement — is a never-ending process, you must continue to improve.
There is much work to improve the model of care, which should focus on the interests of the patient, rational financing of health, disease prevention and early detection of them.
The country today is allocated enough resources for health development. Given the state appropriations in the amount of 3.2% of GDP, as well as informal payments to public and private sphere of medicine, national health expenditures in Kazakhstan has already crossed the hidden figure of 4% of GDP — a level by international standards, it is quite adequate for the construction of high-quality health care system.
In this sense we can say that the President has fulfilled his obligation to the community health development adequately funded and full political support. Now it’s up to the medical community and the citizens who have to determine its optimal model.
Practice shows that the ideal of health in the world does not exist. In the current socio-economic situation in Kazakhstan is the most acceptable model of a patient-centered and based on the development of the competitiveness of medical organizations. Extremely important in this case are the active participation and shared responsibility of citizens themselves.
In the future it is necessary to strive for the model in which innovation is combined with practical experience, quality and high ethics, where there is interest in the continuous improvement of knowledge and technologies at the lowest cost to society. I am confident that we have every opportunity to build such a model and to reach new heights.
MY UNIVERSITY, OR WHAT SETS THE BEST MEDICAL HIGH SCHOOLS OF THE
In connection with the 20th anniversary of Independence of the Republic in the society of lively discussions about the formation of the Kazakhs of patriotism and citizenship of this, because it is these qualities, as the President, is one of the main factors in the construction of the new Kazakhstan.
True patriotism does not live in the beautiful words, but in actual cases, the responsible actions, it is manifested in the love for Motherland, in an effort to preserve and increase their wealth, and should be implemented in a particular group, provinces and regions, in the form of cities and villages. An important role is played by the system of educational and cultural institutions.
In this respect, Almaty is a dense, claiming high quality cultural, educational environment. We will not talk about such major characters in the field of culture and science of the Republic, as the Theater of Opera and Ballet named after Abay and the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, and the Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi. I am talking about a place in a decent number of Kazakh National Medical University named after S. Asfendiyarov, a unique institution, which prepared for Kazakhstan for more than 60 thousand doctors.
Difficult and tragic was the fate of the main founders of the outpost medical training Kazakhstan Asfendiyarov Sanjar and his associate Khalel Dosmukhamedov. Many other famous names to store history of the university. And in relation to this: in fact, that in any institution, may remain unchanged? As in the living human body, it is transient, for creating university and shape his life personality, and a century of man, alas, short-lived.
Untouched in the school building may be the interior, as, for example, the unique architectural ensemble of university buildings. Immediately after the collapse of the Union of these structures, which, according to the architects, can be attributed to the classic design, derelict. But, thank God, today, they are not only preserved, but updated.
Fortunately, the structural durability of the university buildings are not allowed them morally obsolete, because they were created in the aesthetic richness of their creators, aimed at universal significance. And the life of this unique institution of higher education in the last three years almost completely refreshed. All cases have been renovated and turned into a campus dormitory European model.
The main mission of the university, as well as any educational institution — to provide a decent education. The head of the university should be concerned about the quality of education in conjunction with the science, the education of students, that is the core of the educational process, the relevancy of the society of the future doctors and scientists.
Under these requirements, the University has no other problems sense-ideas, but to the idea of success. So, head of the manager is to be a constructive activity, focused on success. And if he is a good manager, the success must be serious, which is provided potential intelligence and talent. That’s what built KazNMU activities.
And me, who knows the work of medical universities in the country is not hearsay, but from the inside, many were surprised that, according to the ranking, published in newspapers, the first place was the Medical University of Astana.
This university, which I, as a professor, I work for the seventh year, the talented team who have great respect and affection, was put in an extremely difficult conditions. So, to them in the last six years, one after another every one or two years, led the five Directors. Not to mention the fact that only in the past three years, Medical University, experiencing organizational troubles, twice passed from one management system to another. In the last two years here, and worked closely financial police prosecutors than was actually paralyzed the team.
I have no complaints about my dear talented rectors, who headed the university in the last three years. I think that the instability could be no question of the success of the university, which determines its rightful place in the ranking.
With the second place together with the Karaganda Medical University took Kazakh National Medical University named after S. Asfendiyarov and Medical University of Shimei, who finished last year, according to independent experts, the second place, now set aside the third. These universities are widely known to the public as a dynamic, focused on the best international experience and consistently achieve high performance in their work.
It is encouraging that the President always sets the task to the effect that the capital was represented by the best in the field of education, science and culture. Of course, only if the objective recognition. But here there are questions. Those who had to do with the ranking, clearly brought not only a lack of real perception of reality, but also a sense of responsibility to society. Not to mention how to fulfill the condition of the President on the representation of the best institutions in the capital of an objective assessment.
Responsible for the top universities, apparently, not even thinking about the moral damage that will be caused to those who unfairly pushed aside, and especially to those who unjustly took first place.
I would like to express its attitude to the universities, which, in my opinion, are not in their rightful place in the ranking.
The discovery of the power chair at the Medical University of Semey and the organization on its base, one of the first in the country, the Center for a healthy diet, I have the opportunity to meet frequently with the staff and have a clear idea about his activities. This university is widely promote cooperation in education and medical science from Japan, Singapore, South Korea. Foreign scientists regularly give lectures, teach classes and workshops.
Here, on a contractual basis with students from many countries, is a lively exchange of, and research staff to prepare a Phd doctors and masters. Creative leadership for educational work promotes the development of leadership qualities in students. Existence of its own 500-bed hospital is a major contribution to the success of the training of doctors.
And of course, I can not tell you about the Kazakh National Medical University named after S. Asfendiyarov, which first established the department and the head of its power for 16 years. This institution of higher education is an effective educational process with a bunch of medical science that allows training of doctors, medical researchers and specialists level of civilized countries and provide the country with high-quality scientific products. But only recently, within four or five years ago, not to mention the basic science, the application suffers from a lack of work, decent application to medical practice.
Positive changes in the lives of high school can not remain indifferent. Just last year, 2010 has been returned to life three-story capital building that is almost 20 years old abandoned, which accumulated so much rubbish, that its removal took 65 «walker» Kamaz. It has acquired a modern civilized look! It opened Institute of Applied and Basic Research of the Boris Atchabarova. This year, it is located genomic laboratory value of over 600 million tenge, which will come to the forefront of modern biomedical research. Almost all dorms and academic buildings have been completely overhauled. More than 3000 square meters. m abandoned basement renovated and are involved in the educational process.
With university on the Rights Consortium teamed Kazakh Academy of Nutrition. Widely known in the international community for their learning, successfully implemented a unique and innovative projects with KazNMU she started to develop the know-how against aging. This tandem will work on a high level of scientific research that contributes to raise the status of the university to the level of university innovation isledovatelskogo type.
Launched School of Public Health. Khalel Dosmukhamedov closest ally Sanjar Asfendiyarov. Actively earned a newly created division on Foreign Relations. All this, of course, is the main viable and promising area of medical science.
KazNMU changed in a short period, has achieved significant results in the educational activity. To improve the quality of training has developed its own model of medical education with the experience of leading foreign universities, which is aimed at developing future specialists core competencies, such as knowledge, skills, communication, legal component (aspect) and the capacity for lifelong learning.
This model of university education is a holistic system, for which special education program in areas of training with the demands of the labor market that provides future professionals to select the individual trajectory study. The University successfully launched widespread use of innovative technology and interactive teaching methods, developed a clear system for assessing competencies of students after each stage of education, as well as the final certification of graduates.
The new model of education in KazNMU demanded radical change educational management by creating new departments, such as educational departments, committees, educational programs.
Committees working on issues of «what» and «when» to do, develop a training program. Training, the Department, combining clusters specialized departments, answering questions of «who» and «how» to determine those responsible for the quality of training. To track the success of a new model for comprehensive analysis and reform of medical education has also established the Center for monitoring, analyzing the quality of education and scientific support, and results of the activities discussed in the university conference.
In order to coordinate and monitor the quality of continuous broadcast of practical and communication skills during the pre-and post-training of all profiles, based on competence-based model of education, KazNMU created unique in the world medical training and the first time in post-Soviet Central skills . It includes the following departments: communication, dental and pharmaceutical skills, clinical skills, with branches to test students’ knowledge (with the assistance of independent experts) on real patients, simulated ward, functional and instrumental diagnostics, primary care center, department of computer simulation.
Since 2010, the university regularly give lectures and master classes distinguished scholars from abroad. Since the beginning of lessons are nine known ¬ ists from Israel, Germany, Russia, the rest of the year is expected to visit 80 more professors from leading universities abroad. In recent years, also become a tradition to hold teacher training and exchange of experience on the basis of the best universities abroad.
Life KazNMU only for the past three years has changed so that those who have studied and worked here before, do not know now face alma mater.
The architectural ensemble of the university’s buildings is a complex built according to the laws of beauty, which is the formation of the spatial environment for the convenience of living and education, for the effective conduct of research and teaching.
Aesthetics, taken up in the last two years, has changed the whole complexion of the university, including internal. Interior, rich with beautiful paintings, unique exhibits, filled with deep meaning, inviting college students to master complex subjects of medicine, of course coupled with the equally beautiful outdoor space, ruled by blooming alley dedicated Manshuk Mametova and Alie Moldagulova, graduates of the University. Here, «they say,» even the walls — for example, how important to the life of bread and salt, enriched with essential for health.
The main square in front of the administrative building of the university is protected from the hustle and bustle, at its center on the flagpoles flags flutter independent Kazakhstan and native high school. This large beautiful grounds at the mercy of students for recreation and cultural recreation. It regularly celebrates the date the community and the university: the days of science ¬ ki and health professionals, and the days of the graduate students in the first year of initiation, where the congratulations and greetings to friends and mentors are alternated with concert of professional artists and amateur groups of high school. In general, the university area turned into a youth center of culture in the open. And during the week a pleasure to look at the students walking in white coats.
The walls between the columns of the table of educational buildings hung Tabula Prima, which are inscribed the names of university scientists who have made great contributions to medical science. Each of the 15 lecture halls dedicated to the name of the scientist, to be recognized in society and has a meaning of continuity of generations.
Special room is named after an outstanding organizer for Global Health, a tireless herald the principles of PHC, the Almaty Declaration, the former director of regional ¬ tional Office osvaemye. Lecture Hall of the Institute of Public Health, as a tribute to the famous Almaty conference, symbolically called «Alma-Ata-78.»
The new Institute of Applied and Fundamental Medicine of the University is named after the prominent patriot country academician Atchabarova Bahia, and the Institute of Public Health — Khalel Dosmukhamedov name.
The huge contribution of Professor Maskeeva as Rector to strengthen the material and technical base of the university marked plaque. Collective visit freshmen Opera and Ballet named after Abay, Drama Auezov young spectator name G.Musrepov, concert halls became an annual tradition of university life. And at the high school is such a cultural center.
Tysyachemestny, unusually solemn Congress Hall, the venue of events to mark significant events, equipped with a wide screen and Dolby, where the evening demonstrated feature films, is a favorite pastime, not only students, but teachers and mentors.
Historic circular room, reminiscent of a Kazakh yurt, now called Hall of Fame, is a national spirit of holiness. Here every time you walk with trembling heart. The inner perimeter are the portraits of individuals recognized by the community for deeds in war, in peace work and achievement in science.
In the aesthetic sense of the University’s current appearance both internally and externally is a celebration of the unity of goodness and beauty, intelligence, and love, uplifting human dignity not only of those who study and work in such an atmosphere, but also those who come in contact with this wonderful institution . Because aesthetics, which is always in the focus of world culture, being at the heart of the humanist approach to human activities that are directly entered into the educational, academic environment of the University and its ennobling influence to bridge gaps between people, without which the world has no future.
Aesthetics reinforces the gift of knowledge, influences the creativity of young people.
Not surprisingly, the recent Kazakh National Medical University is at the center of genuine public interest, subject to visits by other educational institutions.
In general, KazNMU on all parameters, without any discounts has become one of the best in the country, and on the main criteria — a serious rival to the National University named after Al-Farabi and Satpayev.
This is the result of a thoughtful, serious attitude responsible ¬ governmental employees of the University to the place where young people receive education, because culture, entering the required set of values in life, forms the students motivation and attitudes to learning, to the improvement of the individual.
Today the Kazakh National University. S. Asfendiyarov reached a situation in which each of many thousands of lies in, elevating the dignity of man, and is proud to belong, to quote Paul Florensky, «to the power of personality and rearing environment.» This is a vivid manifestation of the triumph of patriotism.